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There are 48 non-compulsory matters in complete from which the UPSC aspirants have to choose their matters for Main Paper. Anthropology is doubtless one of many UPSC non-compulsory matters and it has two papers having 250 marks each. Anthropology is a very meticulous subject and it is best to pick out this subject solely in case you've got a earlier background or curiosity. UPSC Anthropology syllabus 2023 embody topics related to human evolution, cultural evolution, social buildings, and plenty of others. The UPSC aspirant desirous to resolve on Anthropology as one among many non-compulsory matters must bear this put up. Here, we're providing your complete UPSC Anthropology syllabus 2023 intimately.
It is a primary notion that in case you've got a background of working as a teacher, sociologist, social worker, and plenty of others. you then've an excellent probability of doing correctly throughout the Anthropology civil service examination. However, you might positively score good marks in Anthropology even after a singular background in case you place collectively correctly after determining an correct syllabus. The UPSC Anthropology Syllabus for every Paper I and Paper II are given underneath.
1.1 Meaning, scope and progress of Anthropology.
1.2 Relationships with completely different disciplines: Social Sciences, Behavioural Sciences, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, Earth Sciences and Humanities.
1.3 Main branches of Anthropology, their scope and relevance:
1.4 Human Evolution and emergence of Man:
1.5 Characteristics of Primates; Evolutionary Trend and Primate Taxonomy; Primate Adaptations; (Arboreal and Terrestrial) Primate Taxonomy; Primate Behaviour; Tertiary and Quaternary fossil primates; Living Major Primates; Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes; Skeletal modifications attributable to erect posture and its implications.
1.6 Phylogenetic standing, traits and geographical distribution of the subsequent:
1.7 The natural basis of life: The Cell, DNA development and replication, Protein Synthesis, Gene, Mutation, Chromosomes, and Cell Division.
1.8 (a) Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology. Chronology: Relative and Absolute Dating methods.
(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Prehistoric cultures:
2.1 The Nature of Culture: The thought and traits of custom and civilization; Ethnocentrism vis-à-vis cultural Relativism.
2.2 The Nature of Society: Concept of Society; Society and Culture; Social Institutions; Social groups; and Social stratification.
2.3 Marriage: Definition and universality; Laws of marriage (endogamy, exogamy, hypergamy, hypogamy, incest taboo); Types of marriage (monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, group marriage). Functions of marriage; Marriage legal guidelines (preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive); Marriage funds (bride wealth and dowry).
2.4 Family: Definition and universality; Family, household and residential groups; capabilities of family; Types of family (from the views of development, blood relation, marriage, residence and succession); Impact of urbanization, industrialization and feminist actions on family.
2.5 Kinship: Consanguinity and Affinity; Principles and types of descent (Unilineal, Double, Bilateral, Ambilineal); Forms of descent groups (lineage, clan, phratry, moiety and kindred); Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory); Descent, Filiation and Complimentary Filiation; Descent and Alliance.
9.1 Human Genetics – Methods and Application: Methods for look at of genetic concepts in man-family look at (pedigree analysis, twin look at, foster baby, co-twin methodology, cytogenetic methodology, chromosomal and karyo-type analysis), biochemical methods, immunological methods, D.N.A. know-how and recombinant utilized sciences.
9.2 Mendelian genetics in man-family look at, single difficulty, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man.
9.3 Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection, Mendelian inhabitants, Hardy-Weinberg regulation; causes and modifications which carry down frequency – mutation, isolation, migration, alternative, inbreeding and genetic drift. Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic affect of consanguineous and cousin marriages.
9.4 Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man, methodology.
9.5 Race and racism, natural basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters. Racial requirements, racial traits in relation to heredity and ambiance; natural basis of racial classification, racial differentiation and race crossing in man.
9.6 Age, intercourse and inhabitants variation as genetic marker- ABO, Rh blood groups, HLA Hp, transferring, Gm, blood enzymes, and plenty of others.
9.7 Concepts and techniques of Ecological Anthropology. Bio-cultural Adaptations – Genetic and Non- genetic parts. Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: scorching desert, chilly, extreme altitude native climate.
9.8 Epidemiological Anthropology: Health and sickness. Infectious and non-infectious illnesses. Nutritional deficiency related illnesses.
11.1 Relevance of menarche, menopause and completely different bioevents to fertility. Fertility patterns and differentials.
11.2 Demographic theories- natural, social and cultural.
11.3 Biological and socio-ecological parts influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality.
1.1 Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization — Prehistoric (Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Neolithic – Chalcolithic).Protohistoric (Indus Civilization): Pre- Harappan, Harappan and post- Harappancultures.Contributions of tribal cultures to Indian civilization.
1.2 Palaeo – anthropological evidences from India with specific reference to Siwaliks and Narmada basin (Ramapithecus, Sivapithecus and Narmada Man).
1.3 Ethno-archaeology in India: The thought of ethno-archaeology; Survivals and Parallels among the many many wanting, foraging, fishing, pastoral and peasant communities along with arts and crafts producing communities.
3.1 The development and nature of standard Indian social system — Varnashram, Purushartha, Karma, Rina and Rebirth.
3.2 Caste system in India- development and traits, Varna and caste, Theories of origin of caste system, Dominant caste, Caste mobility, Future of caste system, Jajmani system, Tribe- caste continuum.
3.3 Sacred Complex and Nature- Man- Spirit Complex.
3.4 Impact of Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity on Indian society.
5.1 Indian Village: Significance of village look at in India; Indian village as a social system; Traditional and altering patterns of settlement and inter-caste relations; Agrarian relations in Indian villages; Impact of globalization on Indian villages.
5.2 Linguistic and spiritual minorities and their social, political and monetary standing.
5.3 Indigenous and exogenous processes of socio-cultural change in Indian society: Sanskritization, Westernization, Modernization; Inter-play of little and good traditions; Panchayati raj and social change; Media and social change.
6.1 Tribal state of affairs in India – Bio-genetic variability, linguistic and socio-economic traits of tribal populations and their distribution.
6.2 Problems of the tribal Communities — land alienation, poverty, indebtedness, low literacy, poor tutorial companies, unemployment, underemployment, properly being and vitamin.
6.3 Developmental initiatives and their have an effect on on tribal displacement and problems with rehabilitation. Development of forest protection and tribals. Impact of urbanization and industrialization on tribal populations.
7.1 Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. Constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes.
7.2 Social change and updated tribal societies: Impact of current democratic institutions, progress programmes and welfare measures on tribals and weaker sections.
7.3 The thought of ethnicity; Ethnic conflicts and political developments; Unrest amongst tribal communities; Regionalism and demand for autonomy; Pseudo-tribalism; Social change among the many many tribes all through colonial and post-Independent India.
8.1 Impact of Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and completely different religions on tribal societies.
8.2 Tribe and nation state – a comparative look at of tribal communities in India and completely different nations.
9.1 History of administration of tribal areas, tribal insurance coverage insurance policies, plans, programmes of tribal progress and their implementation.The thought of PTGs (Primitive Tribal Groups), their distribution, specific programmes for his or her progress. Role of N.G.O.s in tribal progress.
9.2 Role of anthropology in tribal and rural progress.
9.3 Contributions of anthropology to the understanding of regionalism, communalism, and ethnic and political actions.
UPSC Anthropology Syllabus PDF: Download here
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